The results of the LAP-D can be used to generate a complete picture of a child's developmental progress so that individualized, developmentally appropriate activities can be planned and implemented. This assessment is designed for children with typical and atypical development.>>Back to Top.
Because this is a norm-referenced instrument, administrators should adhere to the written protocol for each item to assure reliability. A station approach may be used and the instrument may be given at various times to an individual child as long as the protocol for each item is followed carefully. Other considerations include:
As a norm-referenced assessment, the LAP - Diagnostic Edition has a number of useful applications for the evaluation and instruction of young children. LAP-D results may be used in the following ways:
Eight LAP - Diagnostic Edition manuals (one for each subscale) form the core of the assessment. Each manual includes:
LAP-D scoring booklets can be used for recording the results of the assessment. Scoring booklets contains an abbreviated form of each item name in the same sequential order as the manual and space for scoring assessment results, a comment column, and a developmental profile. The LAP-D scoring booklet is NOT an assessment instrument. It must be used in conjunction with the LAP-D Assessment Manuals, which contains the procedures, materials needed, and scoring criteria for each item.
The dimensions of materials needed to administer the LAP - Diagnostic Edition are specified at the beginning of each assessment item. A standard LAP-D kit can be purchased from Kaplan Early Learning Company or Red-E-Set-Grow. The LAP-D kit includes most of the necessary materials (except large items such as furniture or stairways).
The LAP-D Planning Cards are a set of sequential cards correlated with the LAP-D, one card for each item. Each card describes multiple developmentally appropriate learning activities that supporting skill development across skill and subject areas.
The Spanish edition of the LAP-D is available. The LAP-D Planning cards are also available in Spanish. >>Back to Top.
Child AssessmentInstructions for Using the Profile
After the pretest is completed, the examiner can use the profile chart to graphically show the results.
Using a colored marker, color in each box that represents an item that was completed successfully by the child. Also color in all items to the left of those actually administered (this is the basal--check the instructions) because it is assumed that the child would have accomplished these easier, lower level items had they been administered. The numbers by the boxes match the numbers of the items in each skill area. Not all the boxes have numbers. Item 16, for example is the box to the right of item 15, item 17 is two boxes to the right, and so forth.
Then, at the end of the program year or some other later time, administer the "post test" and color in the boxes that represent the items passed with a different, contrasting color. The result will give a graphic representation of the child's progress.>>Back to Top.
In 2005, a study was completed that demonstrates the validity and reliability of the LAP-D diagnostic assessment. The resulting 123-page Examiner’s Manual and Technical Report is available from Kaplan. The report includes statistics for:
Software has been developed to assist teachers in using the LAP-Diagnostic Edition as an on-going assessment tool in the preschool classroom. This software assists teachers in developing:
Individual assessment results and summaries for:
Computer scoring assistant software is available in either in a web-based or CD-Rom format. An electronic scoring protocol is also available using a Palm Pilot application which facilitates using the LAP-D as an ongoing assessment tool. For additional information on LAP software go to www.redesetgrow.com